What is Space Planning in Interior Design?
Space planning is an essential element of the interior design process. It starts with an in-depth analysis of how the space is to be utilized. The designer then draws up a plan that defines the zones of the space and the activities that will happen in those zones.
The space plan will likewise specify the flow patterns that demonstrate how individuals will move through the space. The plan is ended up by including details of all the furnishings, devices and hardware positioning.
Points to consider when choosing how to design your space
- Think about the structure of the room, what are the main focal points? These might be windows, fireplaces, doors or built in units. Are they stabilized in the space? If not, think of what you can add to the space to assist balance the structure of the space. Remember that the human eye is drawn to focal points, and will scan a space when entering it.
- Understanding of space is based on body size. Various size spaces suit various size people: a single person’s claustrophobic box is another’s cosy nest.
- Consider the space in terms of volume, eg: if it were a fish bowl, if you add in a couch, chandelier, sculptures, bookshelves, table, coffee table etc, you displace a few of the water. Guarantee that you do not overfill the space.
- Goal to create both a possibility and a haven in each room so you can feel enclosed, however likewise have a view beyond to the outdoors or natural world. Using Prospect and Refuge theory in a space can make it more comfy for the human experience. “We choose a shelter (sanctuary) with a view (possibility), due to the fact that human beings have their visual field to the front (prospect), therefore needing some sort of security from behind (haven).”.
- Plan your furniture with a scale illustration of your space or cut paper shapes to size and put them in the space to work out the best possible plan of furnishings and accessories.
- Make sure that the flow passageway through a space follows an easy and financial pathway from the door to all the other main activity areas.
- Mess shuts down space, so modify your clutter to prevent obstructing both circulation and decreasing the viewed size of a space.
In large or long areas, partition various activity zones to offer definition to each part of the room.
- When planning decor and lighting, work with the concepts that vertical lines draw our eyes up and horizontal lines draw them across to extend or minimize the percentages of a room.
- Wallpaper with a square grid or tiling a room in squares will offer the impression that it is bigger than it is– the smaller sized the grid, the larger the room appears.
- Borrow space from outdoors by making sure an undisturbed view of the outside world. You can likewise ‘borrow’ space from adjoining rooms by using the exact same floor covering products.
- When providing little spaces, blur the edges of the space to break up the lines between floor and walls; draw furniture a little method far from the walls; buy furniture in proportion to the room; choose furnishings with legs to offer the impression of more space.
- Disguise oversized sofas by separating their upholstered surface with a different coloured or textured runner or folded toss.
- Now that we understand a little bit more about SPACE PLANNING, lets have a look at some concerns that you require to ask yourself prior to developing a space plan for your own space.
Questions to ask yourself before developing your own Space Plan.
- What are you going to be using the space for? Will it be multi-functional? Eg: living/dining or bedroom/study?
- How many individuals will be using the space and will they all be utilizing it for the exact same function? Eg: A family might use the exact same space; someone might be watching TELEVISION, while another reads and another is working.
- Do you have any existing furnishings that you wish to utilize in the space?
- Can furnishings be moved into or out of this space from other areas of the house?
- How do you want the space to feel, space-wise– open and airy, relaxing, minimal, tranquil?
- Just how much natural light is offered and what type of lighting will be required?
- What are the focal points of the room and how can you make the most of them?
- Do you require to develop focal points?
- Do you like balance and proportion, the unexpected, or a mix?
- Is there anything else on your desire list for this space?
These concerns will highlight the issues that your space plan needs to solve. Think of these points when developing your space plan and look for a solution that will work. You might discover that you need to compromise on a few of the points. That’s ok, you as the designer need to decide that will make the space work best for the client, whether that’s you or another person.
Think about the structure of the room, what are the main focal points?
How to produce a Space Plan.
The manner in which I like to begin a space plan is by approximately extracting a map of the space and developing a bubble plan. A bubble plan is an easy diagram that will show you what activities take place in the space and the relationship in between these activities.
In an open plan living area, you may have 3 or more bubbles, 1 showing the kitchen, the other revealing the dining area and another showing the living location. Using bubbles will assist you to specify these spaces. When you are clear about where the activities are going to happen in the space then you can move on to producing a scale plan.
Attempt to get as big a piece of paper as possible to make it easy. I suggest getting a big A1/A2 piece of card and some pencils to do this with. You can then erase any errors you may make. Draw your space to scale on the piece of paper. Consist of window, door, built in cupboards/shelves, fireplace and lighting positionings. You wish to be able to see all the components and functions on the plan.
Make a list of everything you want to have in the space and develop scaled paper cutouts for each piece. You can then begin putting these scaled furniture pieces onto your space plan. This will start to bring your space to life and show you how you will be able to use the space.
Invest some time moving pieces around, this will help you to think in a different way about the space. Create a plan, and then swop all the pieces around, see what this does to the circulation of the room. Keep moving the pieces around until you ‘understand’ which is ideal for the space.